Srinagar district, situated in the centre of Kashmir Valley, is surrounded by five districts. In the north it is flanked by Kargil and Ganderbal, in the South by Pulwama and in the north-west by Budgam. The average altitude is about 1600m amsl .The district with a population of around 13 Lakh, is spread over an area of 294 Sq. Kms. It comprises of 07 Tehsils/ towns viz; Srinagar North and Srinagar South, Central, Khanyar, Idgah, Chanapora Natipora and Panthachowk, one block (Srinagar), besides 136 Revenue villages.

Geographical area

294 Sq. km

Number of Tehsils

07

No. of Blocks

01

No. of Panchayat

10

No. of Sub Division

02

No. of Villages

136

Households

100899

% Households of Total

100

Literacy %age

71.21

Population

12, 50,173 (2011)

Rainfall

585 (mm)

Land Utilization

 

Total Area

11703 ha

Forest Cover

700 ha

Non Agri Land

1233 ha

Cultivable Land

710 ha

Gross Area Sown

6.785 (‘000 ha)

Net Area Sown

4.767 (‘000 ha)

Net Area Irrigated

4.116 (‘000 ha)

Gross Area Irrigated

5.547 (‘000 ha)

Average Holding Size

0.26 (‘000 ha)

Livestock population

2.82 lakhs

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S. No

Crop

Area (‘000 ha)

Production

(‘000 t)

Productivity (Kg/ha)

1.

Rice

2.511

0.587

5500

2.

Maize

0.101

0.059

1500

3.

Oilseed

0.434

0.588

700

4.

Fodders

0.284

1.776

12000

5.

Pulses

0.073

 

 

6.

Wheat

0.003

 

 

7.

Dyes and Tanning Material

0.081

 

 

Production and productivity of Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district 

Category

Population

Production

Productivity

Cattle

Crossbred

38884

 

8.0 L

Indigenous

125500

3.0 L

Buffalo

 

 

 

Sheep

98900

2967000 Kg chevon

30.00 Kg

Crossbred

 

 

 

Indigenous

 

 

 

Goats

25500

892500 Kg mutton

35.00 Kg

Rabbits

-

-

-

Poultry

Backyard poultry

10000

12500 Kg Meat &15000 Egg

-

Broiler

-

-

-

Improved

Ducks

-

-

-

Turkey and others

-

-

-

Major farming systems/enterprise

S. No

Farming situation.

Representative Villages

Farming system/enterprise

1.

Under AES-I: - Plain, Irrigated, Double copped.

Chatterhamma, Danihama, Dara, Narkura, Gassu, Telbal, Manzgam, Fakirgujri, Braine, Shalimar, Khimber, Theed, Khanmooh

i) Paddy- Oilseed

ii) Paddy - Oats.

iii) Paddy- Vegetable.

iv) Horticulture

v) Broiler and Dairy

 Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography) 

S. No

Agro-climatic Zone

Characteristics

1.

Mid to high altitude temperate zone (JK-3)

 

District Srinagar has area of 294 sq.kms and is the smallest district of the state. District Srinagar falls under temperate zone as per the agro-climatic conditions. The precipitation is mainly in the form of snow in winter and rains/ hail in summer. Temperature varies from 5 0 C in winter to max of 34 0 C in summers and the average rainfall of the district is 585mm. Plain area constitute maximum of the total geographical area of the District. Rice and Maize are main crops of the district besides area under horticulture crops namely Apple, Pear, Cherry and Peach involve the major portion of total cultivated land. Among agronomic crops Maize is mostly grown as rain fed crop in Karewa.

 Soil type/s 

S. No

Soil type

Characteristics

Area in ha

1.

Clay to clay loam

 

Sandy loam

 

As per soil classification major soils in the district belong to Entisols followed by Inceptisols, Alfisols and Mollisols. They show varying degree of profile development from A-C to A-B-C profiles on steep slopes to piedmont plains, karewas and broad valleys. The soil reaction ranges from acidic to slightly alkaline (ph 5.0 to 8.5) organic matter content is generally high.

5.328

 

1.332